The Government Finance Officers Association (GFOA) 2024 conference was a treasure trove of insights for anyone involved in government technology. This year’s event underscored the dynamic changes sweeping through the sector, from procurement frustrations to innovative solutions reshaping public service delivery. Here’s a look at the significant themes and lessons gleaned from the conference.

Before we jump into our key learnings, let’s discuss why finance officers in governments play a crucial role in digital transformation projects for several reasons:

Financial Officers in Government Technology

Financial Oversight and Budgeting

Finance officers are responsible for overseeing the financial health of government entities. They ensure that digital transformation projects in government technology are adequately funded and that resources are allocated efficiently. This includes creating and managing budgets, forecasting costs, and ensuring that expenditures align with financial plans and constraints.

Risk Management

Digital transformation projects often involve significant investments and carry inherent risks. Finance officers assess and manage these risks by analyzing financial implications, identifying potential financial pitfalls, and developing strategies to mitigate them. Their expertise helps in balancing innovation in government technology with fiscal responsibility.

Cost-Benefit Analysis

Finance officers conduct cost-benefit analyses to evaluate the potential return on investment (ROI) of digital transformation projects in government technology. They compare the costs of implementing new technologies with the anticipated benefits, such as increased efficiency, cost savings, and improved service delivery. This analysis is critical in making informed decisions about which projects to pursue.

Regulatory Compliance

Government finance officers ensure that digital transformation initiatives comply with relevant financial regulations and standards. They oversee financial reporting and auditing processes to maintain transparency and accountability. Compliance is essential to avoid legal issues and maintain public trust in government technology projects.

Funding and Grant Management

Finance officers identify and secure funding sources for digital transformation projects in government technology, including grants, loans, and other financial instruments. They manage these funds, ensuring they are used appropriately and in accordance with funding agreements. This is particularly important for large-scale projects that require substantial investment.

Strategic Planning

Finance officers contribute to the strategic planning of digital transformation initiatives in government technology. They provide insights into financial trends and projections, helping to align digital projects with long-term organizational goals. Their involvement ensures that financial considerations are integrated into the overall strategy.

Performance Measurement

Monitoring and evaluating the financial performance of digital transformation projects is a key responsibility of finance officers. They track financial metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) to assess the impact of these projects. This data-driven approach helps in making adjustments and improvements as needed.

Stakeholder Communication

Finance officers communicate the financial aspects of digital transformation projects in government technology to various stakeholders, including government officials, employees, and the public. They provide clear, concise reports on project costs, benefits, and financial progress, ensuring transparency and accountability.

Resource Allocation

Effective resource allocation is crucial for the success of digital transformation projects in government technology. Finance officers prioritize spending and allocate resources to the highest return or impact areas. Their expertise ensures that funds are used efficiently and effectively.

Change Management

Finance officers manage the financial aspects of change associated with digital transformation in government technology. This includes addressing financial concerns, reallocating budgets, and ensuring that the organization adapts financially to new technologies and processes.

In summary, finance officers are integral to the success of digital transformation projects in government technology. Their financial expertise, strategic insights, and rigorous oversight ensure that these initiatives are financially viable, compliant, and aligned with broader organizational goals.

Top 10 Lessons in Government Technology from GFOA 2024

1. Rethinking the RFP Process

Software vendors’ disdain for the Request for Proposal (RFP) process is a common grievance. Seen as an archaic yet necessary evil within the government sector, there’s a loud call for modernization. The discussions at GFOA emphasized the need for RFP procedures to evolve, reflecting 21st-century expectations and technologies rather than remaining mired in outdated practices. Vendors and government officials alike pointed out that the current RFP process is often slow, cumbersome, and overly complex, leading to delays and increased costs.

Furthermore, the traditional RFP framework can stifle innovation, as it often favors established, larger companies over smaller, more agile firms that might offer more innovative solutions. The consensus at the conference was that modernizing the RFP process could lead to more competitive bidding, better quality proposals, and, ultimately, more effective and efficient government technology solutions.

This modernization would involve streamlining documentation requirements, incorporating more flexible and adaptive evaluation criteria, and leveraging digital tools to facilitate a more transparent and efficient process.

2. The Rise of “Best of Breed” Solutions in Government Technology

The conference highlighted a shift towards “Best of Breed” solutions, which focus on excelling in specific functionalities like finance, human capital management (HCM), permitting, and debt management. These solutions are increasingly favored over “one-stop-shop” platforms, which often fall short of delivering high performance across multiple functionalities. For government agencies, the challenge lies in untangling the complex web of existing systems to integrate these more specialized platforms. This integration can be daunting due to the diverse and often siloed nature of legacy systems that many government entities still rely on.

However, the benefits of adopting “Best of Breed” solutions include higher efficiency, better user satisfaction, and improved adaptability to evolving technological advancements. Agencies must adopt a strategic approach to integration, ensuring compatibility and seamless data flow between disparate systems. This often involves leveraging middleware solutions, adopting standardized data formats, and investing in robust IT support to manage the transition.

The shift also underscores the importance of thorough needs assessments and careful planning to ensure that the chosen solutions truly meet the agency’s specific operational needs. Despite the complexities, the move towards “Best of Breed” solutions promises a more dynamic and responsive government technology landscape that is better equipped to meet the challenges of modern governance.

3. The Critical Role of Independent Consultants

In a rapidly evolving marketplace, the role of independent consultants cannot be underestimated. Firms like Avèro Advisors are pivotal, offering unbiased advice and advocating for client needs amidst digital transformations. Their deep market understanding is crucial for navigating the complexities of tech adoption in government settings. Independent consultants provide an objective perspective that is often difficult to achieve internally, ensuring that decisions are made in the best interest of the organization rather than being influenced by vendor biases. They also bring a wealth of experience from working with various clients, allowing them to identify best practices and innovative solutions that can be tailored to specific government needs.

Furthermore, independent consultants play a key role in project management, helping to oversee the implementation of new technologies from start to finish. They ensure that projects stay on track, within budget, and meet their defined goals. Their involvement can significantly reduce the risk of project failure, which is especially important in the public sector, where resources are often limited and accountability is high.

Consultants also provide valuable training and support to government staff, helping them to understand and effectively use new systems. This is critical for ensuring digital transformation’s benefits are fully realized. Additionally, they assist in change management, guiding organizations through the transition period and addressing any resistance or challenges that arise.

Overall, independent consultants’ expertise and impartiality make them indispensable allies in the journey towards modernizing government technology. Their contributions lead to more informed decision-making, smoother implementations, and more efficient and effective public service delivery.

4. Targeting the Mid-Tier Market

A notable strategy among ERP giants and newer tech firms is their push toward the mid-tier local government market. Companies like SAP, Oracle, and Workday are intensifying their efforts with streamlined partnerships and specialized programs to attract these clients. They are tailoring their offerings to meet the unique needs of mid-tier governments, providing scalable solutions that balance cost and functionality. These strategies often include flexible pricing models, modular product offerings, and dedicated support teams to ensure a smooth implementation and operation.

Meanwhile, emerging players like OpenGov and GovSense are enhancing their platforms and are ready to compete at the same level. These newer companies are innovating rapidly, focusing on user-friendly interfaces, cloud-based solutions, and robust customer support to differentiate themselves from established ERP providers. They are agile and responsive, often able to implement changes and improvements more quickly than larger firms.

By targeting the mid-tier market, both established giants and emerging players are addressing a significant gap in the government technology sector. Mid-tier local governments often have complex needs but lack the extensive resources of larger municipalities. The competitive landscape fosters innovation and drives the development of more efficient, effective, and accessible solutions for these government entities. This trend benefits the mid-tier market and encourages broader advancements in government technology as a whole, pushing the industry towards greater adaptability and responsiveness to public sector needs.

5. Embracing Ecosystem Partnerships

Firms such as UKG and DebtBook focus on refining their core offerings and forging significant partnerships within their ecosystems. These collaborations are pivotal in reinforcing their “Best of Breed” approach, providing comprehensive solutions that cater specifically to the needs of government agencies. By partnering with other specialized providers, they can integrate complementary technologies and services, creating a more robust and versatile product suite.

These strategic alliances enable firms like UKG and DebtBook to offer solutions that address a broader range of challenges government agencies face. For instance, a partnership might combine UKG’s advanced workforce management tools with another company’s financial management software, resulting in a seamless, end-to-end solution for public sector clients. This enhances functionality and simplifies government agencies’ procurement and implementation processes, which can be notoriously complex and time-consuming.

Moreover, these partnerships allow firms to stay ahead of technological trends and rapidly changing market demands. By working closely with other innovators in the field, they can incorporate the latest advancements into their offerings, ensuring that their solutions remain cutting-edge and effective. This collaborative approach fosters innovation and continuously improves government technology solutions.

In summary, firms like UKG and DebtBook’s focus on ecosystem partnerships strengthens their position in the market and enhances their ability to meet the specific needs of government agencies. These partnerships result in more comprehensive, integrated solutions that are better equipped to handle the unique challenges of the public sector, ultimately leading to improved efficiency and service delivery.

6. AI: The Unseen Backbone

Artificial intelligence continues to be the unseen backbone of many government tech solutions. Companies like Microsoft are integrating AI across various platforms, setting the stage for future innovations and transforming how government agencies operate behind the scenes. AI enhances data analysis, improves decision-making processes, and automates routine tasks, allowing government employees to focus on more strategic initiatives.

AI-powered tools are analyzing vast amounts of data quickly and accurately, providing insights that were previously unattainable. This capability is crucial for areas such as budget forecasting, resource allocation, and policy development. By leveraging AI, government agencies can make more informed decisions that lead to better outcomes for the public.

AI and Government Technology

Moreover, AI drives automation in various government functions, from processing applications and managing workflows to monitoring compliance and detecting fraud. These automated processes increase efficiency, reduce human error, and speed up service delivery, making government operations more responsive and reliable.

In addition, AI is enhancing citizen engagement through personalized interactions and improved service delivery. AI-powered chatbots and virtual assistants can handle various inquiries, providing citizens with quick and accurate responses while freeing up human staff to handle more complex issues.

As AI technology continues to evolve, its integration into govtech solutions will further revolutionize the public sector. Companies like Microsoft are at the forefront of this transformation, developing AI applications that improve current operations and pave the way for innovative approaches to governance. The potential of AI to streamline processes, enhance decision-making, and improve citizen services underscores its role as the unseen backbone of government technology.

7. Customer-Centric Approach

The importance of aligning with customers’ goals and serving their mission cannot be overstated. A customer-centric approach ensures that solutions are tailored to meet government agencies’ specific needs and objectives.

Focusing on government agencies‘ specific goals and missions allows solutions to be designed and implemented to directly address their unique challenges. This targeted approach increases the relevance and effectiveness of the solutions, leading to better outcomes and higher satisfaction levels.

When solutions are closely aligned with the needs and workflows of government agencies, users are more likely to accept and adopt them. This leads to more effective utilization of the technology, ensuring that the intended benefits are fully realized.

Ultimately, a customer-centric approach leads to the development of solutions that improve the delivery of services to citizens. By understanding and addressing the needs of government agencies, technology providers can help enhance public service efficiency, transparency, and responsiveness.

In summary, aligning with customers’ goals and serving their mission is fundamental to the success of government technology solutions. A customer-centric approach ensures that solutions are relevant and effective, fosters collaboration, improves adoption and delivers measurable benefits that enhance public service delivery.

8. Partnership and Risk Sharing

Ultimately, shared commitment and collaborative effort result in enhanced project outcomes. By working together, partners can achieve higher-quality results, greater efficiency, and more sustainable solutions. The collective investment in the project’s success ensures that all parties are satisfied with the final product and its long-term benefits.

Successful modernization projects that involve shared risks and mutual commitment often lead to long-term partnerships. The trust and collaboration developed during the project create a strong foundation for future cooperation. These enduring relationships can lead to continuous improvement and innovation beyond the initial project.

In summary, true partnerships in modernization projects are built on the foundation of shared risks and mutual commitment. This approach fosters a collaborative, accountable, and innovative environment where all parties are dedicated to achieving common goals and delivering exceptional outcomes.

9. The Value of Simple Commitments

Often, the most basic acts of professionalism—returning calls, being present, and offering useful insights—hold the most value to clients. These simple commitments build trust and reliability in client relationships. By consistently demonstrating these fundamental professional behaviors, service providers can establish a solid foundation of trust with their clients.

Transparency in all interactions, including being honest about potential challenges and setting realistic expectations, further strengthens trust. Clients value honesty, even when the news is unfavorable, as it allows them to plan and adjust accordingly. This openness fosters a transparent and trustworthy relationship, reducing the risk of misunderstandings and surprises.

Tailoring interactions and services to meet each client’s unique needs adds significant value. Personalized service shows that the provider understands the client’s specific requirements and is willing to go the extra mile to meet them, enhancing the overall client experience.

In summary, the most basic acts of professionalism—returning calls, being present, and offering useful insights—are fundamental to building strong, trustworthy, and reliable client relationships. These simple yet powerful commitments demonstrate respect, attentiveness, and a genuine investment in the client’s success, laying the groundwork for long-term, mutually beneficial partnerships.

10. Looking Ahead

GFOA 2024 not only provided a window into govtech’s current state and challenges but also offered a forward-looking perspective on how the field is shaping to meet future demands. It’s indeed an exciting time to be part of this evolving industry.

The govtech industry, which focuses on providing technology solutions for government operations and public service delivery, is undergoing significant evolution. This transformation is driven by several key factors, including advances in technology, changing citizen expectations, and the need for greater efficiency and transparency in government operations.

Future of Government Technology

Technological advancements are at the forefront of the govtech industry’s evolution. Innovations such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, blockchain, the Internet of Things (IoT), and cloud computing are revolutionizing how government services are delivered and managed.

  • AI and Machine Learning: These technologies are being used to analyze large datasets, automate routine tasks, and provide predictive analytics, helping governments make data-driven decisions and improve service delivery.
  • Blockchain: This technology offers secure and transparent ways to manage transactions and records, enhancing trust and reducing fraud in government operations.
  • IoT: Connected devices are improving infrastructure management, public safety, and environmental monitoring, allowing for smarter and more responsive government services.
  • Cloud Computing: Cloud-based solutions offer scalability, cost savings, and flexibility, enabling governments to modernize their IT infrastructure and services.

Citizens now expect the same level of convenience, accessibility, and responsiveness from government services as they do from the private sector. This shift is driving governments to adopt more user-friendly, digital-first approaches.

  • Digital Services: Governments are increasingly offering services online, from permit applications to tax payments, making it easier for citizens to interact with government agencies.
  • Mobile Access: Mobile applications and responsive web design ensure that citizens can access services anytime, anywhere, improving engagement and satisfaction.
  • Personalization: By leveraging data analytics, governments can offer more personalized services that address the specific needs of individuals and communities.


The evolving govtech industry is transforming how governments operate and interact with citizens. By embracing new technologies, focusing on efficiency and transparency, and fostering collaboration, the govtech sector is helping to create more responsive, efficient, and sustainable government services. As technology advances, the potential for innovation in the public sector is vast, promising continued improvements in governance and public service delivery.

The insights and trends from GFOA 2024 demonstrate the dynamic nature of govtech and highlight the importance of innovation, collaboration, and customer-centricity in navigating the future of government technology.

With technology constantly evolving, choosing the right systems for you is incredibly challenging. For guidance or to brainstorm your transformation project, don’t hesitate to reach out to our team at Stay tuned to our thought leadership content on public sector digital transformation, featuring new blogs, podcasts, and videos released weekly.

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